All Chemical Manufacturing & Consultancy Pty Ltd offers Inductively Coupled Plasma Optical Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-OES) metal analysis services and can determine up to 70 elements using the latest technology in spectrometers. Trace unknowns can be detected and identified including several non-metals. Atomic Emission Spectroscopy is a technique that can determine concentrations of trace to major elements and can detect most elements in the periodic table with detection limits in the parts per billion range. ICP metal analysis can be performed on solid and liquid samples, but a solid sample must be converted to liquid form before testing to produce a liquid solution. The sample solution is introduced into the ICP as a fine aerosol of droplets. The aerosol is produced by a nebulizer which aspirates the sample with high velocity argon to form a fine mist. The aerosol then passes into a spray chamber where larger droplets are removed. Droplets small enough to be vaporized in the plasma torch pass into the torch body, where the aerosol is mixed with more argon gas.. A coupling coil is used to transmit radio frequency to the heated argon gas, producing an argon plasma located in the torch. The hot plasma dries any remaining solvent and causes sample atomization. The ICP-AES spectrometer detects the atomic emissions produced as light. Determination of Metals and Trace Elements in Water and Wastes by Inductively Coupled PlasmaAtomic Emission Spectrometry” is used extensively for the analysis and monitoring of a range of waters including, ground, river, drinking and wastewater. The results of the analysis are used for a variety of purposes, in the case of drinking water the results are used to ensure consumer safety and in the case of waste waters the results are to determine compliance with the permits issued within the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System under the Clean Water Act.